Fistula Treatment

What is Fistula Treatment?

An anal fistula ( Bhagandar / Fistula in ano ) is a small channel that develops between the quit of the bowel and the pores and skin across the anus. It frequently is the result of a previous or current anal abscess. Fistula has a tract with two openings – inner commencing into the rectum or anal canal and outside opening through the pores and skin of the buttocks.

Causes Of Fistula

  • Anorectal abcess - Almost all anal fistulas are a result of a preceding anorectal abcess. An anorectal abcess begins as an infection of one of the anal glands. The infection soon forms a pool of pus - abcess. An anal fistula results when the abcess fails to heal completely with/without treatment.
  • Conditions that cause inflammation of the intestines like Crohn's disease, Diverticulitis.
  • Malignancy in the anorectal region.
  • Infections - Tuberculosis, HIV, sexually transmitted diseases
  • Iatrogenic - As a complication of a previous surgery in the region.

Symptoms Of Fistula

  • Throbbing pain that worsens on sitting.
  • Pain associated with bowel movements.
  • Fever.
  • Discharge of pus, blood and debris which is usually foul smelling.
  • Swelling, tenderness, itching or redness around the anus.